Go Back   Rangefinderforum.com > Cameras / Gear / Photography > Leicas and other Leica Mount Cameras > Epson R-D1 Leica M mount Digital Rangefinder

Epson R-D1 Leica M mount Digital Rangefinder A dedicated forum to the first Digital Leica M mount rangefinder camera.

Reply
 
Thread Tools Search this Thread Display Modes

RD-1s going price?
Old 01-14-2012   #1
ChrisP
Grain Lover
 
ChrisP's Avatar
 
ChrisP is offline
Join Date: Dec 2010
Location: Saskatoon, Sk, Canada
Posts: 342
RD-1s going price?

What are RD-1s's going for these days? What price would move it fast in the classifieds, body only? I have a chance to pick one up for $600 bucks. Don't have any m-mount glass but if I could flip that for some profit I might be able to give without $600 for a few weeks.
  Reply With Quote

Old 01-14-2012   #2
back alley
IMAGES
 
back alley's Avatar
 
back alley is offline
Join Date: Jul 2003
Location: true north strong & free
Posts: 39,399
quick sale is 1000/1100 bucks...average sale is 1200...frequent asking price is 1400/1600...but i don't think they sell for that often.
__________________
heart soul & a camera

xm-1
xe-1
xe-2
16/23/35/56
  Reply With Quote

Old 01-15-2012   #3
ninjin
Registered User
 
ninjin's Avatar
 
ninjin is offline
Join Date: Jan 2012
Location: Tokyo, Japan
Posts: 31
From what I have seen since around Christmas last year on ebay and RFF. Asking prices for an R-D1 or R-D1s is usually around 1'500 USD. I have seen two R-D1x;s, ranging from 1'500 to 2'000.

Just as back alley pointed out, the R-D1 or R-D1;s don't appear to sell easily unless they get a few hundred cheaper. Even if they are claimed to be close to flawless. Personally, I have been surprised at the amount of R-D1 and R-D1;s that are out there.

I am still lurking with a small budget trying to pick one up. I could not manage to get Roberts R-D1s that was up for sale yesterday, but I suppose including an Elmar 50mm 3.5f didn't help in keeping the price down. Do give me a poke if you decide to go for it, I'll be very interested if the quality is all right.
  Reply With Quote

Old 01-15-2012   #4
Landberg
Registered User
 
Landberg is offline
Join Date: Aug 2011
Location: Sweden
Posts: 595
I got mine for 1200 on eBay, but the camera had its scratches and marks. But damn it takes great pictures!
__________________
My photoblog rikardlandberg.com
flickr
  Reply With Quote

Old 01-15-2012   #5
rbelyell
Registered User
 
rbelyell is offline
Join Date: Jan 2010
Posts: 1,290
i realize the draw of the rd-x, i really do. but given that for $1000 you can get a brand new 16mp ricoh designed specifically for M lenses, with benefit of years of advanced technology, i cant for the life of me understand why anyone would even consider paying such an absurd amount of money for a quirky, finnicky 6mp cam that cant easily be serviced. i cant see paying more than $500 given the price of the much much superior alternative.
  Reply With Quote

Old 01-15-2012   #6
ninjin
Registered User
 
ninjin's Avatar
 
ninjin is offline
Join Date: Jan 2012
Location: Tokyo, Japan
Posts: 31
Quote:
Originally Posted by rbelyell View Post
i realize the draw of the rd-x, i really do. but given that for $1000 you can get a brand new 16mp rollei designed specifically for M lenses, with benefit of years of advanced technology, i cant for the life of me understand why anyone would even consider paying such an absurd amount of money for a quirky, finnicky 6mp cam that cant easily be serviced. i cant see paying more than $500 given the price of the much much superior alternative.
Sorry to de-rail the discussion, but as an aspiring rangefinder user I am curious about what digital Rollei you are talking about. I did some searching, since the only digital M-mount cameras I know of are from Epson and Leica I was curious, but I can't seem to find any details. What camera are you referring to?
  Reply With Quote

Old 01-15-2012   #7
astro8
Registered User
 
astro8's Avatar
 
astro8 is offline
Join Date: May 2010
Location: Sydney
Age: 53
Posts: 533
I think he/she meant Ricoh...
__________________
-Greg

My RFF Gallery

  Reply With Quote

Old 01-15-2012   #8
rbelyell
Registered User
 
rbelyell is offline
Join Date: Jan 2010
Posts: 1,290
Quote:
Originally Posted by ninjin View Post
Sorry to de-rail the discussion, but as an aspiring rangefinder user I am curious about what digital Rollei you are talking about. I did some searching, since the only digital M-mount cameras I know of are from Epson and Leica I was curious, but I can't seem to find any details. What camera are you referring to?
sorry, mistype, i meant ricoh gxr with M module. corrected. i'm a 'he'.
  Reply With Quote

Old 01-15-2012   #9
ninjin
Registered User
 
ninjin's Avatar
 
ninjin is offline
Join Date: Jan 2012
Location: Tokyo, Japan
Posts: 31
Quote:
Originally Posted by rbelyell View Post
sorry, mistype, i meant ricoh gxr with M module. corrected. i'm a 'he'.
No worries, I haven't had my hands on a Ricoh for long but I can't say I felt a connection when I did (I'll give it a new chance when I drop by the camera store again). Fujifilm is cooking up the X-Pro1 (incidentally it is 16MP as well) and doesn't look too shabby. Those are the options I know of for now, apart from the obvious, film.

Personally, one of the reasons I am even considering the R-D1;s is that they feel solid and have some weird way of hooking me when I hold it (crank and all), well, at least the R-D1x did, I wasn't even into photography when the original R-D1 was introduced.
  Reply With Quote

Old 01-15-2012   #10
Peter Wijninga
Registered User
 
Peter Wijninga's Avatar
 
Peter Wijninga is offline
Join Date: Mar 2009
Posts: 2,495
In 2009, I bought one r-d1 and one r-d1s in Japan. Both second-hand, as new, boxed, documented, upgraded firmware etc... for about USD 1800 each. After extensive use and travel, I'll send them this month to Epson Japan -through www.japancamerahunter.com for cleaning and adjustment. Perhaps I paid a 'top' price but after many bumpy plane, train and bus rides, mine never ever malfunctioned. The Epson is a great camera and worth every dollar. I'd advise every user to get the Mr. Zhou half-case which is affordable and offers good protection for the camera body.
  Reply With Quote

Old 01-15-2012   #11
Landberg
Registered User
 
Landberg is offline
Join Date: Aug 2011
Location: Sweden
Posts: 595
But if you buy a ricoh you miss the rf..
__________________
My photoblog rikardlandberg.com
flickr
  Reply With Quote

Old 01-16-2012   #12
Lss
Registered User
 
Lss is offline
Join Date: Aug 2010
Posts: 1,559
Quote:
Originally Posted by rbelyell View Post
i cant for the life of me understand why anyone would even consider paying such an absurd amount of money for a quirky, finnicky 6mp cam that cant easily be serviced. i cant see paying more than $500 given the price of the much much superior alternative.
Either you want a rangefinder or you don't. For the latter group the R-D1 is perhaps not that interesting.
__________________
Lasse
  Reply With Quote

Old 01-16-2012   #13
ninjin
Registered User
 
ninjin's Avatar
 
ninjin is offline
Join Date: Jan 2012
Location: Tokyo, Japan
Posts: 31
Quote:
Originally Posted by jonmanjiro View Post
Wow, Yodobashi still lists it for close to 300,000 JPY and Kakaku is yet to pick up. Not convinced yet, but I am getting there.

http://kakaku.com/item/K0000023482/?...kakuitem_title

http://kakaku.com/item/K0000023482/pricehistory/

Are they afraid of the new Fujifilm X1Pro stealing market shares? Is Epson cooking something up? These appear to be exciting times.
  Reply With Quote

Old 01-16-2012   #14
rbelyell
Registered User
 
rbelyell is offline
Join Date: Jan 2010
Posts: 1,290
Quote:
Originally Posted by Lss View Post
Either you want a rangefinder or you don't. For the latter group the R-D1 is perhaps not that interesting.
not sure if its that simple. i want a lot of things in and out of the photography realm, but not necessarily at the prices that are being charged for them. at $1500 usd youre real close to a used m8, thats a RF, no? i thought i recently saw one for sale now on this forum for $1800, so i still dont get how the epson goes for $1500.
  Reply With Quote

Old 01-16-2012   #15
back alley
IMAGES
 
back alley's Avatar
 
back alley is offline
Join Date: Jul 2003
Location: true north strong & free
Posts: 39,399
Quote:
Originally Posted by rbelyell View Post
not sure if its that simple. i want a lot of things in and out of the photography realm, but not necessarily at the prices that are being charged for them. at $1500 usd youre real close to a used m8, thats a RF, no? i thought i recently saw one for sale now on this forum for $1800, so i still dont get how the epson goes for $1500.
maybe because some of us think it's worth it?

as nice as my new to me d90 is...i still prefer the images that come out of my rd1...
once you find a machine that does what you want there is no turning back...
__________________
heart soul & a camera

xm-1
xe-1
xe-2
16/23/35/56
  Reply With Quote

Old 01-16-2012   #16
rbelyell
Registered User
 
rbelyell is offline
Join Date: Jan 2010
Posts: 1,290
Quote:
Originally Posted by back alley View Post
maybe because some of us think it's worth it?

as nice as my new to me d90 is...i still prefer the images that come out of my rd1...
once you find a machine that does what you want there is no turning back...
thats very true, and there is a bond that sometimes developes between person and machine, and that is very real and has great worth. i think what we're talking about here though is slightly different in that the poster doesnt have that bond, doesnt have that camera, and wants to understand its value. so it would then be natural to think about it in a more objective way, both comparatively against its comptition and in an isolated way in terms of what he will actually be getting in relation to present day stae of the art as well as practical servicing options.

with having that bond with the camera, replacing it at great cost may well be worth it. butwithout that bond, just looking at it as a machine vs other machines, it seems like it is way overpriced.
  Reply With Quote

Old 01-16-2012   #17
back alley
IMAGES
 
back alley's Avatar
 
back alley is offline
Join Date: Jul 2003
Location: true north strong & free
Posts: 39,399
i think my passion for the rd1 has convinced people to give it a try...logic is not for everyone.
__________________
heart soul & a camera

xm-1
xe-1
xe-2
16/23/35/56
  Reply With Quote

Old 01-16-2012   #18
rbelyell
Registered User
 
rbelyell is offline
Join Date: Jan 2010
Posts: 1,290
i would absolutely give it a try at $500, or if i had the luxury of resources to sususpend logic. ):

but if i had $1500 to spend on a digi RF, i'd save another couple hundred for an m8, which has greater resolution, benefit of a number of years of tech advance, and is easily serviceable. hey, i'm not saying this isnt a good, unique etc camera. i'm sayng that x number of years down the road, and given comparitively priced similar items that are relatively new, its simply overpriced.
  Reply With Quote

Old 01-16-2012   #19
ornate_wrasse
Registered User
 
ornate_wrasse's Avatar
 
ornate_wrasse is offline
Join Date: Aug 2009
Posts: 912
Quote:
Originally Posted by back alley View Post
i think my passion for the rd1 has convinced people to give it a try...logic is not for everyone.
The good things I read about the rd1 definitely had a lot to do with my decision to buy it when I saw it at my local shop for $1200.

I just went out on Saturday for a shoot at a nearby ghost town and was very pleased with the images I got.

I love how it handles and I love the small size especially compared to my D300, which is much more difficult for me to carry around all day.

Ellen
__________________
Images

www.pbase.com/ornate_wrasse

Leica M9, Leica M6, Leica M3 - 21mm 3.4 Super Angulon, 28mm 2.8 Elmarit, 35mm Summicron, Nikkor SC 50mm 1.4, Carl Zeiss Jena 50mm 1.5, CV 75mm 2.5, Nikkor 8.5cm 2.0

Mamiya 6 - 50mm f4, 75mm f3.5, 150mm f4.5

Fuji X-Pro1
  Reply With Quote

Old 01-16-2012   #20
roundg
Registered User
 
roundg's Avatar
 
roundg is offline
Join Date: Jun 2005
Posts: 782
RD-1 is a very unique camera of its design. and you won't see any replacement in the future.
You must be aware the truth that RD-1, and M8/9 are the only real dgital RF so far.

If you love the RF, RD-1 is still a good selection.
__________________
Greeting from Singapore,
Robin
  Reply With Quote

Old 01-16-2012   #21
Lss
Registered User
 
Lss is offline
Join Date: Aug 2010
Posts: 1,559
Quote:
Originally Posted by rbelyell View Post
not sure if its that simple. i want a lot of things in and out of the photography realm, but not necessarily at the prices that are being charged for them.
Sure, sometimes the price is too high for whatever reason. A poor substitute for what you want/need is nevertheless nothing more than what it is. (Poor in the sense that it lacks the features the user really wants/needs.)

Quote:
at $1500 usd youre real close to a used m8, thats a RF, no?
Well, my response was really on Ricoh M-mount vs. Epson. At least in my part of the world the availability of M8's is fairly good while the Epsons are rare. Even then, there is a pretty healthy price difference between these cameras that I see locally. Of course, the Epson becomes less interesting for many rangefinder users when it gets closer to the price of the Leica.
__________________
Lasse
  Reply With Quote

Old 01-16-2012   #22
huntjump
Registered User
 
huntjump's Avatar
 
huntjump is offline
Join Date: Apr 2011
Posts: 728
Owned the M8 and R-D1, sold the m8 because I didn't like the feel of it (plus ISO wasnt that great) and was $2000. I connected more with the R-D1, liked the color from it more and iso 1600 was perfect for my B&W needs. Plus i liked the shutter crank, the dials, the viewfinder and it paired well with my m6. I paid closer to $900, but its such a solid camera, i think up to $1200 is fine. Mine is pushing 10,000 actuations
__________________
RFF Gallery
Tumblr
Flickr

-Adam
  Reply With Quote

Old 01-17-2012   #23
rbelyell
Registered User
 
rbelyell is offline
Join Date: Jan 2010
Posts: 1,290
HJ, did you find a noticeable resolution difference between m8 and epson at normal iso?
  Reply With Quote

Old 01-17-2012   #24
SteveM(PA)
Poser
 
SteveM(PA)'s Avatar
 
SteveM(PA) is offline
Join Date: Oct 2005
Location: East Coventry, Pa.
Age: 46
Posts: 1,012
Quote:
Originally Posted by rbelyell View Post
not sure if its that simple. i want a lot of things in and out of the photography realm, but not necessarily at the prices that are being charged for them. at $1500 usd youre real close to a used m8, thats a RF, no? i thought i recently saw one for sale now on this forum for $1800, so i still dont get how the epson goes for $1500.
Seiko analogue gauges behind mineral glass, flip screen, 1:1 viewfinder, manual shutter advance. Those are what I love about it and I can't get them anywhere else.
__________________
-Steve
my gallery
my flickr
Olympus XA, Fed 3B, Zorki 4K, Leica IIIf rdst, Nikon S, Sony RX100, OM1, Rebel T3 (with OM glass)
"The cup of tea on arrival at a country house is a thing which, as a rule, I particularly enjoy. I like the crackling logs, the shaded lights, the scent of buttered toast, the general atmosphere of leisured cosiness."
-P. G. Wodehouse
  Reply With Quote

Old 01-17-2012   #25
RFH
rfhansen.wordpress.com
 
RFH is offline
Join Date: Sep 2007
Posts: 321
If you can get it for $600, there should be no discussion in my opinion: Just buy it. You can easily sell it for more than that in case you don't want to keep it. I was happy to get my RD1 for $1000, and every time I see someone carrying a heavy, bulky DSLR with a cannon of a zoom lens, I'm even happier. Happier still when I see the image quality.
  Reply With Quote

Old 01-18-2012   #26
KEVIN-XU 愛 forever
所謂的攝影,就是人生。
 
KEVIN-XU 愛 forever's Avatar
 
KEVIN-XU 愛 forever is offline
Join Date: May 2011
Location: Shanghai China , New Jersey America
Age: 24
Posts: 346
I think 600 us dollars for a R-D1 is really a bargain! Don't know why you are still hesitating...... I will take it right now if it sit in front of me.

If I can find one in 900 us dollars or even 1000 us dollars, I will still think it is a reasonable price. But I do think 1500 us dollars for this old fashion camera is overpriced. Yes,this camera have good performance and is original M-mount RF digi camera. But nowadays, we need something new!

When Epson release R-d1X, I think Epson is fooling us and cheating money..... No big difference! Still that "antique" CCD.....! Epson really need to do something now. I think we have given enough time for Epson to prepare for a real new stuff.

Now, I will buy a 900 dollars RD-1 or Fuji x-pro or Nex-7. Wish Epson can give us R-D2 soon......
__________________
所謂的攝影,就是人生。
---荒木經惟

Canon LTM Collections! A N.H.S. Member Original BP Nikon SP
  Reply With Quote

Old 01-18-2012   #27
umcelinho
Marcelo
 
umcelinho's Avatar
 
umcelinho is offline
Join Date: Mar 2009
Location: Sao Paulo
Age: 32
Posts: 1,354
there is no camera like the r-d1, period.

outdated technology? yep.
weird rewind crank? uh-huh.
mere 6mp? you bet.
loud shutter noise? check.

but still it's a camera that once you put to use feels so much at home. at least it did for me and I believe it does for many others. sometimes i do consider selling it, but then I take it out for a spin and I change my mind.

I find it a better deal than an M8, to be honest: no need for those IR filters that will cause ghosting on photos, it can take ANY LTM (except for a russian 35/2.8, I guess) or M lens, even the DR cron and collapsible lenses, has a better higher ISO performance than the M8, has a better magnification finder (it's pretty neat to frame with both eyes open), looks like a cheap old film camera (for me it's a plus, as it's less robbery-attractive), and the RAW files are nice to work with.

It's a camera I should just keep as long as it works.
__________________
Gear:
right eye
right index finger
cameras & lenses

What I've seen around: flickr

  Reply With Quote

Old 01-18-2012   #28
roundg
Registered User
 
roundg's Avatar
 
roundg is offline
Join Date: Jun 2005
Posts: 782
One popped up in local for about 850USD and gone in minutes.
__________________
Greeting from Singapore,
Robin
  Reply With Quote

Old 01-29-2012   #29
ksporry
Registered User
 
ksporry is offline
Join Date: Dec 2011
Location: Shanghai
Posts: 43
I paid 89k yen for my upgraded rd1 in a shop in Osaka, unboxed, only with charger. The flip screen is not a flip screen in the sense that it has functionality. It only serves to protect the display. I would prefer the x version with the bigger screen. I also have an m8.2 which is also great, just different. The epson has nicer high ISO performance. In fact, I think the rd1 beats every single camera on the market when it comes to resolving noise! It just looks like grain, perfect!
Mine does have a problem with vertical alignment of the rf. I need to get that fixed.
__________________
I'm a leaf on the wind...
  Reply With Quote

Old 02-04-2012   #30
ninjin
Registered User
 
ninjin's Avatar
 
ninjin is offline
Join Date: Jan 2012
Location: Tokyo, Japan
Posts: 31
I walked down to Shinjuku today and had a look at the used camera stores for the first time. I didn't see a single R-D1, but plenty of R-D1s;s. A flawless R-D1s goes for about 110,000 JPY (1,450 USD), but then we are really talking flawless. Not a scratch, not even around the on/off-button where most of the used ones have lost some paint. They start going down to 100,000 JPY (1,300 USD) if you are fine with a scratch here and there, but overall only cameras in very good shape. I will try to find more time and have a look at a couple of other stores some time in the future. Oh, and a new R-D1xG was about 150,000 JPY (1,950 USD).
  Reply With Quote

Old 02-12-2012   #31
andephotographic
Registered User
 
andephotographic is offline
Join Date: Jan 2012
Posts: 98
I just bought an R-D1s today, should get it in a couple days I hope. I paid 655. I'll have to sell my Canon 5D to pay for it but I think/hope the RD will keep it's value better.

Really looking forward to getting it.
  Reply With Quote

Old 11-01-2012   #32
jroring
Registered User
 
jroring is offline
Join Date: Nov 2012
Posts: 18
I am about to pick up an R-D1s, and I was hoping someone can shed some light on what I should be looking for? Sorry about my ignorance but are there signs that the camera has alot of wear and tear and should be avoided?
  Reply With Quote

Old 11-02-2012   #33
Mr_Flibble
Registered User
 
Mr_Flibble's Avatar
 
Mr_Flibble is offline
Join Date: Jul 2007
Location: The Lowlands
Age: 39
Posts: 3,286
Quote:
but still it's a camera that once you put to use feels so much at home. at least it did for me and I believe it does for many others. sometimes i do consider selling it, but then I take it out for a spin and I change my mind.
I agree. Everything is in the right place. It just feels right.

I've had mine since Januari 2009, bought it for $1600 with a VC 35mm f/1.7 Ultron. It was already 4 years old then.
It has served me faithfully for the past 4 years through every type of weather. It does still work despite a lot of dust and dirt it must've collected over the years, and I doubt I could get $700 for it.

But I'm about to send it off to Japan for servicing.
"Why?" you ask. Because I love it! That's why!
__________________
Rick - "If you're gonna shoot, shoot! Don't Talk"
Loaded with film: Leica IIf

Latest Toys: Vest Pocket Kodak (1898)
Latest Activity: Kiev-88 Open Heart Surgery
  Reply With Quote

Old 11-02-2012   #34
angeloks
Registered User
 
angeloks is offline
Join Date: Mar 2007
Location: Montreal, Canada
Age: 32
Posts: 408
Sold mine for 1000$. It was very clean.
__________________
Julien

Leica IIIg (w/ VC Meter II) ~ Zeiss Ikon SW ~ Leica M8
Nikon Millenium Nikkor 50mm f/1.4 (w/ LTM Amedeo adapter)
Voigtlander 12mm f/5.6 Aspherical Ultra-Wide Heliar

http://flickriver.com/photos/pekdeche/
  Reply With Quote

Old 11-05-2012   #35
Guaranteed
Registered User
 
Guaranteed's Avatar
 
Guaranteed is offline
Join Date: Jul 2010
Location: Massachusetts
Posts: 239
I really do love mine and wish I had more opportunities to use it, every time I use it I just end up standing there smiling like some idiot.
__________________
Christian
  Reply With Quote

Old 11-05-2012   #36
Chris Bail
Regular Guy
 
Chris Bail's Avatar
 
Chris Bail is offline
Join Date: Jan 2011
Location: Near Pittsburgh, PA, USA
Posts: 447
I just bought mine from the ads here for $1050...worth it to me, as I bought it from the original owner and it had just been back to Epson Japan for an overhaul this year. It's in very nice shape.
__________________
My Smugmug

My Flickr
  Reply With Quote

Old 11-25-2012   #37
Guaranteed
Registered User
 
Guaranteed's Avatar
 
Guaranteed is offline
Join Date: Jul 2010
Location: Massachusetts
Posts: 239
I was able to purchase Joe's R-D1s($1150) the other day and can't wait for it to come in. Now the plan is to send in my R-D1 and get the focus slop fixed and whatever else needs attending to that way it'll be tip top.
__________________
Christian
  Reply With Quote

Old 11-25-2012   #38
tekst
Registered User
 
tekst is offline
Join Date: Jul 2008
Posts: 156
Anyone have any interest in an RD1 with a broken LCD screen? Works fine besides that, and is in good condition. What should I be asking for one in such a state?
__________________
Flickr

Tumblr
  Reply With Quote

Old 11-25-2012   #39
umcelinho
Marcelo
 
umcelinho's Avatar
 
umcelinho is offline
Join Date: Mar 2009
Location: Sao Paulo
Age: 32
Posts: 1,354
Ended up selling mine for $1200 couple months ago.
Asked for dibs to the buyer in case he decides to sell it someday, but I'm happy to see he's loving the camera!

tekst, I think you could check how much it'd cost to fix the broken LCD, then factor that into the price vs the market price.
__________________
Gear:
right eye
right index finger
cameras & lenses

What I've seen around: flickr

  Reply With Quote

Old 12-16-2012   #40
lofi
Registered User
 
lofi's Avatar
 
lofi is offline
Join Date: Dec 2011
Location: Madrid, Spain
Posts: 6
For your information, I sell my RD1s in MINT condition (only 2590 shots, with box and all original accessories) from 999€ in eBay.

Regards,
  Reply With Quote
Reply


Thread Tools Search this Thread
Search this Thread:

Advanced Search
Display Modes

Posting Rules
You may not post new threads
You may not post replies
You may not post attachments
You may not edit your posts

vB code is On
Smilies are On
[IMG] code is On
HTML code is Off



All times are GMT -8. The time now is 13:03.


vBulletin skin developed by: eXtremepixels
Powered by vBulletin® Version 3.6.8
Copyright ©2000 - 2016, Jelsoft Enterprises Ltd.

All content on this site is Copyright Protected and owned by its respective owner. You may link to content on this site but you may not reproduce any of it in whole or part without written consent from its owner.